Homer Plessy

When I mention the name Homer Plessy, that name doesn’t seem to ring a bell to most people. When I mention the landmark case he was involved in, then his name suddenly rings a bell. What landmark case am I referring to? Plessy v. Ferguson.

For those of you who aren’t familiar with this case, the Plessy v. Ferguson ruling backed and upheld the practice of racial segregation in regards to the Separate Car Act. Keep reading because the elements of this case is very intriguing.

Homer Plessy, a shoemaker, laborer, clerk and insurance agent was by law an Octoroon. If Homer wanted to, he could have kept his African ancestry hidden and passed for White, but he refused to. Instead of passing, Homer along with other Free People of Color decided to use their racially ambiguous appearance to challenge the Separate Car Act.

Below is a picture of the first African American governor P.B.S. Pinchback, another racially ambiguous man.

P.B.S. Pinchback

Homer, along with the Citizens Committee, decided to violate Louisiana’s separate car law. Homer and the Citizens Committee wanted to show that if you can’t always tell who is White and who is Black, then why should there be laws in place to separate Whites from Blacks? They had a valid point. Keep reading because it’s about to get even more interesting.

When Homer boarded the “Whites Only” train car, he had no problems boarding. When the conductor came to collect his ticket, Homer told him he was 7/8th White and that he refused to sit in the “Blacks Only” car. Needless to say, everyone within that Whites only car immediately became upset. Why? Because they assumed Homer was White. Had he not revealed himself, no one would have ever suspected his racial background.

Homer and the Citizens Committee had hoped to prove their valid point that if you can’t tell who is really Black and who is really White, why create separate laws? They lost their case due to the insurmountable racism and discrimination that existed during their time, but their efforts were not totally in vain.

The Plessy v. Ferguson case played a huge role in the Brown v. Education case. The Plessy v. Ferguson case was eventually overturned by the Supreme Court decision in the Brown v. Board of Education case. Racial segregation was completely outlawed by the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

Ask yourself this: If Homer Plessy were to stand in front of you, would you be able to detect his African ancestry? What about the rest of the racially ambiguous men who were apart of the Citizens Committee? These men were Free People of Color who could have passed for White as well. Do you know who the racially ambiguous man is below?

I’ll give you a hint: he played a major role in the Plessy v. Ferguson case, he too could have passed for White, was often mistaken as White, but he wasn’t White. In fact, he was half Haitian and half Cuban. Drop your answer in the comments if you think you know. πŸ€” I will reveal the answer Tuesday evening.

Until next time…

Black History Trivia Revealed

The other day, I asked the following question:

Do you know who was the first African American to hold a medical degree?

I also gave the following hints:

1) This individual was the first University trained African American.

2) This individual graduated at the top of their class while also being the only African American in their class.

3) This individual was an abolitionist, a writer and author.

For those of you who are wondering, it is Dr. James Mccune Smith.

If you guessed right, give yourself a pat on the back. πŸ™ƒ

In addition to the accomplishments above, Dr. James Mccune Smith helped start the National Council for Colored People in 1853 and he was the only African American in the world (during his time) to run a successful pharmacy in Scotland.

When you get a moment, read a little bit more about him. His story is both amazing and inspiring.

Until next time…

Hidden Nursery Rhymes

Good Evening everyone! I typically don’t post twice on Sundays, but my previous post, Beauty and Race, triggered a curiosity in some of my non-Black readers. They wanted to know if I would be willing to share any more historical hidden facts regarding race and racism. Seeing how I like to use my blog to also educate in between my writing, I was happy to oblige. When we know better as a human race, we can do better as a human race. ❀️

I decided to share a clip of famous nursery rhymes that were originally penned by the composer to degrade, make fun and humiliate Black people. These nursery rhymes have since been “Whitewashed” for political correctness. You may be familiar with some of these. My hope is after you have learned the history behind these racist nursery rhymes, you will help tell others. Click here.

As a bonus, I’m going to share one more clip. Can you spot the “humor” and sarcasm in this second one? Click here to see if you can.

Until next time…

Kevin Kirkland

You see that despicable, useless, filthy name? If you are a news buff like myself, you know what type of garbage is behind that name. Kevin Kirkland, for those of you who may not know, was a Special Needs teacher in the state of California who was convicted of sexually assaulting Special Needs students. What is more disturbing is that students had been complaining about him and his deviant conduct for years. Look at him. Look at his filthy, disgusting sour-looking self!

It has taken ten long unnecessary years for charges to be brought against this sexual sadist, predator, pedophile and rapist and I find that to be outrageous. Imagine the fear and intimidation his students must’ve felt whenever they had to step foot into his classroom. I’m angry and I blame the principal and school district for ignoring the pleas of these brave Special Needs students who took steps to report him. That school district he taught in is as worthless as a penny with a hole in it. Useless lint balls…

My heart goes out to the victims and I hope the parents will go after the principle and school district next for not taking the complaints of their children seriously and for failing to protect them. He should have never been allowed to harm so many students for so long. Just imagine the damage this gutter urchin has done…

Until next time…

One For The Books

All day today I had to hold back tears which made my day an exceptionally long one. Many of you who have read The Chronicles of Neffie have been pushing me to reach out to even more schools to have this book considered and discussed. Wow! Do you even know how much that means to me? I don’t think you do. ❀️😒❀️

It always warms my heart to receive comments and direct messages from readers who just finished reading The Chronicles of Neffie. I wish I can share them all. Take this reader for example. This reader didn’t have to leave a comment, but she did and I’m appreciative of it. I’m still touched by the number of readers who are anxiously waiting to see what happens to Neffie in the next novel series. πŸ“–

Since a good number of you are continuing to push for this book to be considered in more schools, I’m going to do my part to try and make that happen. I’m blown away by the support. I really am. Thank you so much! This one is for the books. πŸ™πŸΎβ€οΈπŸ€—πŸ˜˜

Until next time…

Don’t Be Afraid To Wait (Sometimes)

I was due to appear in a few literary magazines and articles not too long ago, but I decided to delay my feature. Why? Because the timing didn’t feel right to me. It was a feeling deep down inside that I couldn’t shake and I felt strongly that I needed to wait. Thankfully, the people I’ve been in contact with and working with have been both patient and understanding.

Looking back, I’m glad I waited. You see, if I had of went ahead and did those features, I wouldn’t have hardly anything big to talk about (at that time) in regards to my accomplishments as an indie author. It’s a different story now (no pun intended). I have quite a few things I can acknowledge in my upcoming features, but I’ll only list two. The first one being that The Chronicles of Neffie is being considered as a book to read during Black History month at a few schools. The second one being my recent indieBRAG Medallion award for The Chronicles of Neffie in the category of historical fiction.

I can say from personal experience that there are times in your life where it’s okay for you to wait; even if you’re a little afraid to. I was and that’s the truth! If it’s meant to happen for you, it’ll happen and that opportunity will still be there for you when you’re ready. Don’t be afraid to trust your gut instincts and if the situation calls for it, seek out some helpful advice from someone you know and trust. I know I did.

Waiting turned out to be one of the best writing decisions I’ve ever made. Get used to seeing the name A.L. Gibson in the future. I’m going to leave it at that.

Until next time, keep being the best person you can possibly be as you continue to go after your dreams. Giving up is NOT an option.

Reader Appreciation Post

This author / blogger is over the moon. Since penning The Chronicles of Neffie in the Fall of last year and releasing it this year in February, I have been getting so many letters and DMs from readers who state this is a book every American should read. Not only that, many have shared the sentiment that this is a book that should be read in schools! πŸ“š

Readers have been so touched with The Chronicles of Neffie that some have even reached out to their local schools to tell them about this story. Let’s just say I’m about to send copies to a few schools and Universities. Honored, humbled, grateful and thankful!πŸ™πŸΎπŸ™ŒπŸΎ

I just want to say thank you to all of you who were touched, moved and inspired by The Chronicles of Neffie. I always said I wanted to pen a book that would hook readers and I think I found that in Neffie. May she continue to go on and inspire both children and adults.

It’s a wonderful feeling when you have family, friends and readers supporting your written works. It motivates me even more. I’m sending nothing but hugs and love to all of you because I wouldn’t have such opportunities if it wasn’t for you! πŸ€—β€πŸ€—β€πŸ€—

Until next time…